3 Exercises for Toned Arms

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Arm day – one of my favourite days of the week! Think about it, our arms do a lot for us. They lift up heavy things (including carrying your kids), they push the grocery cart, and they pull that rope in an epic tug-of-war battle! As we age, we begin to lose muscle mass – in fact, by the time we turn 80, we have lost about 40% [1]! Strengthening your arm muscles is vital, not only to maintain tone but to assist in the activities of day to day life.

Here are three great exercises for toned arms:

1. The Bicep Curl to Shoulder Press

The biceps are muscles found on the front part of your upper arm. When your bicep contracts, it bends the arm at the elbow. The bicep muscle attaches to the shoulder joint, which is one reason why conjoining a bicep curl with a shoulder press is a fluid exercise and wonderful arm toning exercise. Strengthening your biceps and shoulders help with any pulling and overhead movement.

The Execution

Start with a dumbbell weight you can comfortably lift 15 times. As you progress, you will be able to add more weight and do fewer reps. We are going to start off with 15 reps at a moderate weight.

Start with both arms at your side. Keep your elbows by your sides (don’t let them come forward). The bottoms of your hands (when gripping the weights) will point toward the ceiling as you curl/bend your arm to about 30 degrees. At this time, you can bring your arms into a shoulder press position and press the weights straight up. Once you are done with your shoulder press, bring the weight back towards your starting point to begin the bicep curl again. It should be one fluid motion.

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2. The Push-Up

Push-ups are a great arm toner that also uses other muscle groups, like your core. Being able to perform this exercise in a hotel room, on the top of a mountain, or just hanging out at home, make push-ups a convenient, effective arm exercise you can do anywhere!

When you start to master push-ups you can execute multiple variations, such triceps push-ups and push-ups with a back row. But for now, we’re going to focus on how to do a simple push-up.

The Execution

Start on your hands and knees with your fingers spread. Make sure your wrists are placed straight under your shoulders, with your knees under your hips. Extend one of your legs straight back and rest your weight on your toes, then do the other. Your body should be in a straight line. Keep the muscles in your core and your glutes tight – don’t let your back sag! Keep your neck in line with your spine. Bend your elbows and lower your body towards the ground, then push yourself back up without locking your arms. Once you get back to your starting point, begin the exercise again until exertion.

You can always find a way to modify push-ups if you need to. For example, you can execute this exercise while on your knees instead of your toes.

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3. The Triceps Pushdown

One of my favorite muscles to workout is the triceps! This muscle can be found behind your arm closest to your shoulder, with their main mission being to extend the elbow [2]. Daily movements that use your triceps are shooting a basketball, throwing a ball and lifting bags of groceries out of the cart.

Exercising your triceps can get pretty specific as they aren’t the biggest muscle in your body. Triceps pushdowns are a winner in my book!

The Execution

In a gym setting, find the high pulley cable machine and attach a straight bar or the rope attachment. Adjust the cable to the setting closest to the top of the machine. The weight you set should allow you to do 12-15 triceps pull-downs with proper form. Keeping your elbows right at your sides, hold onto the straight bar or the rope and without moving your elbows, slowly pull it down towards your thighs. Once you’re at extension, slowly go back to your starting position.

Take a look at this demonstration of a triceps pushdown.

These three arm-strengthening exercises are sure to help you tone and strengthen those arm muscles!

References:

[1] Feature, Tom Valeo, WebMD. “Exercises for Biceps and Triceps.” WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2015.

[2] Cespedes, Andrea. “What Do Strong Triceps Help With?” Healthy Living. Azcentral, n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2015.

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The Health Benefits of Eggplant

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The peculiarly shaped eggplant may have been associated with madness in Renaissance England, but fortunately for us, modern science has revealed that this rather strange looking vegetable is highly nutritious. Eggplants contain plenty of fibre and are packed with phytonutrients, including some rare antioxidants. Let’s take a closer look at all the benefits eggplant has to offer:

Antioxidants

Nasunin is concentrated in the skin of purple eggplants, where it protects the vegetable from the sun’s rays and from environmental damage (Azuma et al., 2008). So far, Nasunin has only been found in eggplant, purple radish, red turnip and red cabbage. 

Research suggests that nasunin can help improve antioxidant activity in human cells, giving it a role to play in guarding against oxidative damage and associated health conditions. In one study, nasunin was found to protect colon cells from DNA damage in a dose-dependent manner (Jing et al., 2015). In another study, nasunin and petunidin 3RGc5G, another anthocyanin in eggplants, demonstrated excellent free radical scavenging abilities (Azuma et al., 2008).

Nasunin has also shown antiangiogenic activity, meaning that it may help to prevent the growth of blood vessels required to feed tumour growth (Matsubara et al., 2005). Antioxidants like nasunin have also been seen to help protect heart muscle cells (Das et al., 2011), while glycoalkoloids, namely a-solamargine and a-solasonine (found in eggplant and other Solanaceous vegetables), have been found to inhibit the growth of cancer cells in the laboratory and in animals (Friedman, 2015).

In addition to their anthocyanin content, eggplants contain chlorogenic acid, another antioxidant compound that may help to maintain healthy cholesterol levels already within the normal range (Hao et al., 2016). Chlorogenic acid comprises between 70% and 90% of the total polyphenol content of eggplants (Gramazio et al., 2014), and some research suggests that this nutrient supports healthy cellular DNA replication and immune health in humans (NCBI, 2016).

Nutrients and Fibre

Eggplants also contain vitamin C, folate and other B vitamins, beta-carotene, calcium, magnesium, potassium and phosphorus. These nutrients support immune function, bone health, muscle function, heart health and overall health.

Like most vegetables, eggplants are also high in fibre, meaning they can help you to feel full while maintaining a healthy body weight. Dietary fibre also helps to keep the digestive tract healthy for proper elimination of toxins.

Cooking with Eggplant

There’s no doubt that eggplants can be a little intimidating, given the range of shapes, sizes and colours available. It’s easy to get the hang of cooking with eggplants, though, and they are often found in Italian and Lebanese cuisine, where they work well with rich tomato sauces, basil, oregano and tahini.

Two of the simplest ways to cook eggplant are to slice it and fry it or, to cut it in half and bake it with olive oil, salt and pepper.  Eggplant is also a great addition to salads as the flesh of the vegetable soaks up dressings and oils to become rich and succulent.

Some people swear by halving or slicing eggplants, salting the flesh to draw out some of the bitterness and excess liquid and then rinsing after half an hour to an hour before cooking as desired. For younger, firmer and smaller eggplants this may not be necessary as these are less likely to contain large, bitter seeds.

Eggplants should be stored at about 50° F (10° C), so it is usually best to keep them refrigerated. Intact, unbruised eggplants will typically store well for up to a week. Use sliced, cut or bruised eggplant faster. To reduce food waste, consider baking, pureeing and freezing excess eggplant for later use in soups or stews.

One of my favourite ways to eat eggplant is to make roasted vegetable couscous. This dish is packed with flavour and nutrients and can be prepared in advance and eaten cold, making it ideal for picnics, potlucks and for a healthy midweek lunch.

Roasted Vegetable Couscous

Serves four as a side dish or two as a main

  • 3 cups of whole wheat couscous (cooked)
  • 1 cup of chickpeas (cooked)
  • 2 small to medium eggplants (dark purple)
  • 2 medium sized red peppers
  • 2 medium or 1 large tomato (beefsteak is ideal)
  • ¼ cup olive oil
  • 1 medium red onion, finely diced
  • 1 cup fresh chopped Italian parsley
  • 2 cloves of fresh garlic, minced
  • Fresh lemon juice
  • Salt and pepper

Instructions:

  1. Preheat the oven to 400°F. Place the eggplant on a baking tray and prick several times with a fork or sharp knife. Roast for 45 minutes to an hour, rotating two to three times. In a baking pan, roast the peppers for 45 minutes and the tomatoes for 30 minutes.
  2. Remove the peppers from the oven and seal in a brown paper bag. Let them cool for twenty minutes; this will make it easier to remove the charred skins. Use this time to cook the couscous if you haven’t already.
  3. Halve the eggplant and scoop out the flesh. Chop into pieces around an inch in size. De-seed the tomatoes and chop these into similarly sized pieces. Add the chopped vegetables to the couscous.
  4. Peel the skins off the peppers and chop these into inch-sized pieces, removing the seeds and stems. Add these to the couscous mixture.
  5. Add all the remaining ingredients and mix, seasoning to taste. Eat right away with flatbread, or let cool and then refrigerate for use within 24 hours.

References

Azuma, K., Ohyama, A., Ippoushi, K., et al. (2008). Structures and antioxidant activity of anthocyanins in many accessions of eggplant and its related species. J Agric Food Chem, Nov 12;5621):10154-9.

Das, S., Raychaudhuri, U., Falchi, M., et al. (2011). Cardioprotective properties of raw and cooked eggplant (Solanum melongena L). Food Funct, Jul;2(7):395-9.

Friedman, M. (2015). Chemistry and anticarcinogenic mechanisms of glycoalkaloids produced by eggplants, potatoes, and tomatoes. J Agric Food Chem, Apr 8;63(13):3323-37.

Gramazio, P., Prohens, J., Plazas, M., et al. (2014). Location of chlorogenic acid biosynthesis pathway and polyphenol oxidase genes in a new interspecific anchored linkage map of eggplant. BMC Plant Biol, Dec 10;14:350.

Hao, S., Xiao, Y., Lin, Y., et al. (2016). Chlorogenic acid-enriched extract from Eucommia ulmoides leaves inhibits hepatic lipid accumulation through regulation of cholesterol metabolism in HepG2 cells. Pharm Biol, Feb;54(2):251-9.

Jing, P., Qian, B., Zhao, S., et al. (2015). Effect of glycosylation patterns of Chinese eggplant anthocyanins and other derivatives on antioxidant effectiveness in human colon cell lines. Food Chem, Apr 1;172:183-9.

Matsubara, K., Kaneyuki, T., Miyake, T., & Mori, M. (2005). Antiangiogenic activity of nasunin, an antioxidant anthocyanin, in eggplant peels. J Agric Food Chem, Aug 10;53(16):6272-5.

National Center for Biotechnology Information. PubChem Compound Database; CID=1794427, https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/1794427 (accessed Jan. 26, 2016).

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3 Great Low-Impact Exercises

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Your body is a total machine. Think about it; every day it moves in many different ways. It can run, sprint, jump, bend and more. And just like a machine, your body can break down with overuse. Low-impact exercises are a great way of fitting exercise into your daily routine without putting too much strain on your body.  And don’t let the word “low” mislead you – while low-impact exercises tend to be easier on your joints, they’re not easier on the amount of energy they require!

Here are my top three low-impact exercises:

1. Swimming

Just wait until you get into a pool and freestyle a few laps! Your heart will be pounding, yet your body will glide through the water with seemingly little effort. To seasoned swimmers, this exercise a no-brainer, but to the rest of the world, swimming isn’t given enough praise.

Benefits:
Not only can it help with cardio endurance, but swimming also strengthens your core and helps your heart. I love swimming because it’s not a stagnant movement (like running on a treadmill), and I can go as fast or as slow as I want. After 45 minutes of swimming, you’ll be tired and will feel like you’ve put in a great workout – without having jarred your body in any way!

For those in tropical or warmer climates, open water swimming is even harder due to the current and being out in the elements. Open water swimming can be a fun, adventurous workout!

Swimming in the pool

2. Walking

If you’re just getting into working out, or you feel like your body just needs a rest from that crazy hardcore crossfit you’ve been trying (whose doesn’t?), walking could be your answer.

There are many ways of making walking more challenging – trekking uphill, adding some weight, going for a day hike, adding on distance, or even just gradually increasing your pace. Every healthy human being with two working legs approved by their doctor to exercise can walk, which is why it’s one of the most widely used methods of exercise.

Benefits:

Beyond the obvious benefit of burning calories and keeping your body moving, I’ll put it out there that walking can help support your memory. In a 2011 study, elderly subjects who walked 40 min, 3 times a week for a year, experienced a 2% growth in their hippocampus, which is the part of the brain that controls memory [1].

Walking outside and getting some fresh air and sun in your face (or rain/snow), can lift your spirits and bring you joy.

3. Pilates

Ready to get a fabulous workout while creating long, lean and strong muscles? Pilates is a terrific low-impact exercise that focuses on total body strength. Pilates can be offered in group classes, semi-private group classes and private training sessions. There’s also tons of Pilates DVDs you can purchase and some awesome workouts on YouTube.

Benefits:

With pilates, the focus is on being able to control your movement through correct breathing and body alignment. You become closer to your body and mind at the same time. Pilates also focuses on a lot of different muscle groups, meaning you won’t over train a particular one, lessening the chance of muscle imbalances and injury. Pilates is a gentle exercise but it’s also incredibly challenging on your body.

References:

[1] “The Benefits of Walking.” The Benefits of Walking. Real Simple, n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2016.

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Muscle Gain and Weight Loss

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Have you been faithfully sticking to an exercise regimen fuelled by your weight loss goals, only to find that you’re actually gaining weight? While your instinct may be to feel disheartened, there may be a very good reason behind it – muscle gain!

Weight vs Fat

The important thing to note is that weight and fat are not the same. By toning up and getting stronger you may end up weighing a little more while looking and feeling much healthier. Of course, it’s all too easy to hop on the scale and mark your ‘progress’ by watching your weight drop, but if you’re losing muscle and water weight, this isn’t a cause for celebration.

The weight of our bodies is made up of muscle, ligaments, bones, organs, fat and water. To be healthy, you really don’t want to be losing bone mass, muscle mass or too much water. Instead, focusing on losing a little fat may help support overall good health.

The Weight of Muscle

It takes consistent exercise and good dietary habits to start burning off excess fat stores. In contrast, we lose water weight rapidly and muscle mass more easily than fat. Sudden drops in weight after beginning an exercise regimen are usually, therefore, an indication of lost muscle and water, while more linear, steady weight loss suggests healthy, sustainable fat loss.

The trouble is, any losses in fat may be counteracted (weight-wise) by enhanced muscle growth, meaning that many people experience an initial drop in weight followed by little, if any, change on the scale, or even a steady increase. This is because the main storage form of fuel in the muscles is glycogen, and each gram of glucose (which is converted to glycogen) requires about three grams of water for storage. With the average person storing more than 1000 grams of glycogen, strong, healthy muscles can make up a significant amount of body weight.

Low Carb Diets

People who go on an intensely low carbohydrate diet do initially lose a lot of weight as this depletes glycogen stores and leads to associated water loss. The problem here, however, is that we need that muscle to stay healthy and to continue exercising. Once the initial euphoria of weight loss wears off, it is actually harder to maintain that trajectory because less muscle mass means we burn energy more slowly and are more likely to gain unhealthy weight. A low carb diet may also adversely affect mood and energy, further complicating healthy habits.

Healthy and Sustainable Fat Loss

To achieve healthy and sustainable fat loss it is essential to properly fuel muscles and to encourage the body to burn off fat stores for energy. This may not, however, translate to weight loss, at least in the short-term. Focus instead on listening to your body and enjoying the feeling of improved muscle strength, mobility and performance.

Mix up some aerobic and non-aerobic exercise that you enjoy – lift light weights, swim, cycle, join a local hiking group, or just play soccer with the kids at the weekend. When you start seeing food as good fuel and develop confidence in your ability to cycle to work, run a mile, clamber up a mountain or even just climb a few sets of stairs, this will feel so much better than checking the scale every morning.

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Cardio: High-Intensity Vs. Steady Rate

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We all know that cardio is important, even if you fall into the category of people who dread it. Whether you’re a lover or hater of cardio, the fact remains that it burns fat and calories, increases the strength of your heart, reduces stress and helps you to sleep better! [1]

There are so many different ways of getting cardio into your day. Here are a few of my favourites:

  • Dancing to music (I even do it in my living room)
  • Swimming at the gym
  • Stair stepper / elliptical
  • Running
  • High-intensity interval training

The Different Kinds of Cardio

There’s always talk about whether to do steady rate cardio (traditional cardio), such as going for a jog, or high-intensity interval training, such as quick sprints with rest in between. Steady rate cardio is aerobic and tends to burn using fat while high-intensity cardio is anaerobic and mainly uses carbohydrates.

To lose one pound of weight you need to burn 3,500 calories more than you would consume over a period of time [2]. Steady rate cardio takes longer to burn these calories, but it tends to be easier on your body (think, jogging). However, if you’re on the go and don’t have a full hour to exercise, high-intensity cardio can burn the same amount of calories much quicker because of the high level of intensity. Steady rate cardio burns fat while high intensity burns more stored carbohydrates.

Confused? Let’s break down what each format is best for.

Steady Rate (Traditional) Cardio

  • A huge majority of bodily functions such as digestion, walking, standing and sleeping, all depend on the aerobic system. Even high-intensity cardio depends on the aerobic system to restore the body to its natural state after each interval [3].
  • Working at a steady pace can be meditative and a huge stress reliever.
  • It is easy on your joints and bones so you can continue to do it as you age.

running is a form of steady rate cardio

High-Intensity Cardio

  • You can work out for a lot less time but burn the same amount of calories (or even more) than steady rate. Excess Post Oxygen Consumption allows your body to burn calories even after you are done exercising!
  • If you get bored doing steady rate cardio, high-intensity cardio may be what you need to keep you motivated. The exercises are quick and hard so you really need to pay attention to what you’re doing.
  • You generally become faster if you practice a lot of HIIT (sprints, etc), as your body gets used to the movement.

As you can see, there are points in favour of both types of cardio. As far as choosing which one is better, I think that depends on your lifestyle, your fitness goals and what’s reasonable for you. On the whole,  I  believe that incorporating both steady rate and high-intensity cardio into your lifestyle is the best way to go, as they each offer their own benefits to your overall health.

References:

[1] Waehner, Paige. “Everything You Need to Know About Cardio-How Long, How Hard, How Much.” About.com Health. About.com, 16 July 2015. Web. 18 Dec. 2015.

[2] Mitchell, Stephanie. “The Fat Loss From Long Cardio Vs. HIIT.”LIVESTRONG.COM. LIVESTRONG.COM, 20 Oct. 2013. Web. 18 Dec. 2015.

[3Heffernan, Andrew. “Steady-State Cardio Vs. High-Intensity Interval Training.” Experience Life. N.p., 1 Feb. 2014. Web. 18 Dec. 2015.

 

 

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3 Things to Add to Your Post Workout Routine

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You just finished an hour of challenging exercises at the gym; you’re sweaty, getting hungry, and ready to head home. What do you do now?

Your post workout routine, when done correctly, can improve recovery, increase ability to build muscle and lessen muscle soreness [1]. Here are 3 things you should add to your post workout routine:

1. Get Some Protein

After a workout, you’ve used a lot of energy. Your muscles have taken a beating and it’s time to replenish them with some protein. Eating a meal after working out  within an hour or two of finishing is ideal, but that’s not always realistic, so a quick recovery drink is a good option.

Generally, a recovery drink can be taken after any workout that involves weight training, endurance, or cardio that last 45 minutes or longer. For the drink, 20 grams of protein is a great starting point, with around 30 grams of carbohydrates (that’s about all I would take).

When I don’t have a recovery drink on hand, I plan my workouts and bring food in Tupperware, eating literally right after my workout is done.

2. Take an Epsom Salt Bath

Epsom salt has a lot of magnesium in it, which is absorbed through your skin as you soak. This mineral helps relax your skeletal muscles by flushing the lactic acid buildup, which can happen during exercise [2].

Fill your tub up with hot water and sprinkle a cup or two of Epsom salt in. Then climb in, relax and soak for 20 – 30 minutes!

3. Foam Rolling

Self myofascial release (foam rolling) can increase blood flow throughout your body and increase range of motion. There are differences in firmness of foam rollers, I always go with the most firm (black coloured) ones. You can foam roll all different muscles throughout your body – my favourite is my back!

For tips on how to get the most benefits from foam rolling, read this Greatist article, How to Foam Roll Like a Pro.

References:

[1] Andrews, Ryan. “All About Post-Workout Nutrition | Precision Nutrition.”Precision Nutrition. N.p., 11 Jan. 2010. Web. 27 Nov. 2015.

[2] Kurelo, Cheryl. “What Does Epsom Salt Do for Soreness?”LIVESTRONG.COM. LIVESTRONG.COM, 08 May 2015. Web. 27 Nov. 2015.

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Outdoor Exercise: Winter Tips

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During the Winter, it can get pretty cold in many parts of the country. And the days are short too. Outdoor exercise can be a tough proposition when you’re up against these conditions, but Winter offers so many heart-pumping activities that double as a great workout, you don’t want to stay locked up inside!

Here are my tips for enjoying outdoor exercise during winter:

Plan for the Dark

Most of us get up in the dark and come home in the dark, so when possible, outdoor exercises either should be done earlier in the evening or late morning for safety reasons. If you are planning on exercising outside either before the sun rises or after it sets, make sure to wear reflective clothing and bring a small flashlight with you.

Take advantage of the weekends and use the glorious hours of daylight sunshine as a motivator! Did you know that you’re likely to burn more calories exercising outdoors during the winter [1]? This is because your body needs to work harder regulating your temperature. So brave the cold, and get your heart pumping outside!

Layers are Good

The great thing about dressing in layers is that you can take them off as you warm up. It’s easy to wrap a long sleeve jacket around your waist or put your ear warmers and gloves into your pocket.

Dressing in layers is the perfect way to ensure your body doesn’t chill or overheat during your workout. Start your warm up fully layered, and as you progress, your body will tell you when it’s time to start removing layers. Once you cool down, you should get those layers back on.

It’s a good idea to use layers made from moisture wicking fabrics, to keep your body from feeling damp with sweat.

Outdoor Exercise: Winter Tips

Drink a lot of Water

Your body may not feel thirsty during winter because your body’s thirst response acts differently when you’re cold, versus when you’re feeling overheated and hot [2]. It’s easy to become dehydrated during winter, so remind yourself to hydrate before, during, and after an outdoor winter workout.

Take Advantage of the Small Crowds

During winter a lot of people hermit and stay indoors. But I can personally say that hiking during winter is not only a great workout, but it also offers a reprieve from the busy summer trails. Enjoying the beauty of nature while moving your body is one of the easiest, most enjoyable ways to exercise during winter.

Whether it’s urban hiking through your favourite city or driving to a state park or hiking area, just keep that body moving and you’ll be good to go!

References:

[1] Hall, Alena. “7 Big Benefits Of Exercising Outside This Winter.” The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, n.d. Web. 03 Jan. 2016.

[2] Walters, Jennipher. “Don’t Let Winter Dehydration Slow Down Your Workouts With These Tips.” Don’t Let Winter Dehydration Slow Down Your Workouts With These Tips. Shape Magazine, n.d. Web. 03 Jan. 2016.

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Are Low-Fat Diets Effective?

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On the surface, a low-fat diet sounds like a logical way to lose weight. After all, fat contains nine calories per gram while carbohydrates and protein contain only four. Therefore, cutting out fat should help you to lose weight by lowering your calorie intake—right? Not so fast, there’s more to consider.

Scientific Evidence

Studies do show that low-fat diets support weight loss. For example, a recent analysis of dieting strategies found that diets with less than 20% of calories from fat helped people lose weight. After 12 months of following this type of diet, overweight participants lost an average of 16 lbs [1].

On the contrary, evidence also shows that diets with moderate fat intakes support weight loss. All diets have pros and cons.

Pros of Low-Fat Diets

  • Support weight loss in some people.
  • May reduce the intake of unhealthy saturated fats and trans fats.

Cons of Low-Fat Diets

  • You need dietary fat to absorb vitamins D, E, A, and K.
  • Research shows that low-fat diets make female athletes more prone to lower body injuries.
  • Fat is essential to many physical and mental functions.
  • Meals may not be satisfying or satiating.

You Need Some Fat!

Whether you plan to follow a low-fat diet or not, get the most out of your meals by eating sources of good monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, including:

  • Coconut oil
  • Flax seeds
  • Fatty fish
  • Avocados
  • Nuts

*Drink additional water (8 fl. oz.) after ingesting PGX®. If you are taking medications, take one hour prior to or two hours after taking PGX®.

*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

References:

[1] Gerlach, K., Harold Burton, Joan Dorn, John Leddy, and Peter Horvath. “Fat Intake and Injury in Female Runners.” Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 5.1, (2008). Web. 9 December 2015.

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5 Best Exercises for General Fitness

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You know those people in their late seventies who are still killing it in their favourite sport or are running around outside having fun with the grandkids? Those are the people I strive to be like. Health and fitness as we age are so important; it helps to ensure we can continue to enjoy life and all the things it has to offer.

So today we’re going to focus on a few tried and true exercises you can do throughout your entire life. The American Heart Association recommends at least 150 minutes of moderate activity each week; break it down into a goal of 30 minutes of moderate activity 5 times a week and it’s totally doable [1]! For a little incentive on the days you don’t feel like exercise, remember that it’s been proven that people who are physically active and maintain a healthy weight tend to live 7 years longer than those who are not [1]!

1. Swimming

Swimming is a wonderful way to get a full body workout while helping your heart at the same time. Water is 800 times denser than air, allowing for more calories burned and a harder workout inside a pool, than out of it [2]. Plus, it’s easy on the joints, which makes swimming a great exercise for all stages of life.

2. Zumba/Dance Classes

Who doesn’t love to dance their calories off? That’s why Zumba classes are all the rave. Zumba increases coordination, burns calories and is a full body workout that anyone can join in on! Zumba is an easy, fun way to get hooked on a workout.

3. Running

It is entirely possible to be a lifelong runner! To do so, it’s important to maintain a healthy diet, to be a generally good runner (you love running and do it often), rest your body when it’s tired, and make sure every injury you incur is fixed before continuing to run. I’ve seen many marathon runners in their 70’s whose love and passion for the sport has kept them going strong.

4. Pilates

A challenging, yet easy on your body, workout! Not only is pilates a refreshing mind-body workout but it also helps to develop a powerful core, flat abdominals, and a strong back [3]. The founder, Joseph Pilates, believed that people are only as old as their spines.

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5. Yoga

There are so many different forms of yoga, it’s an easy bet there’s something for everyone! Yoga utilizes your own body weight which can be a challenge. What’s especially great about yoga is how easy it is to do on your own. Once you feel comfortable with the moves (and are confident you’re executing them safely and properly) you can practice at home, at a friend’s house, in the woods…wherever feels right! Yoga has also been proven (in relation to other low impact activity) to relieve stress and frustration, and support mood.*

1. Weight Training

Keeping muscles strong throughout your life is important and weight training can help with that. Weight training has been proven to support healthy bones, and even help build new bone [4].* By the time we are 70 we only have 50-55% muscle mass left – weight training can help prevent some of that [4].  If you need help getting started on a weight training program, many local gyms and fitness facilities offer personal trainers who can help put you on a program that’s right for you.

*This statement has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

References:

[1] “Physical Activity Improves Quality of Life.” Physical Activity Improves Quality of Life. American Heart Association, 2 Mar. 2015. Web. 21 Nov. 2015.

[2] “Why Swimming Needs to Be Part of Your Lifestyle.” Swimming.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2015

[3] “Pilates.” Benefits of Pilates. Balanced Bodies, n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2015.

[4] Andrews, Elizabeth. “The Importance of Strength Training as You Age.” ACE Fitness. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2015.

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How to Curb Late-Night Snacking

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You’ve stayed on track all day, yet once again you find yourself perusing the kitchen for a late-night snack. If this sounds all too familiar, you’re not alone. For many of us, late-night snacking is a key factor in whether we can successfully achieve or maintain a healthy weight. Not only do we have lower metabolic demands at night, but we also tend to crave less nutritious food, making late night snacks an easy way to pack on the pounds. [1]

If late-night snacking is holding you back from your goals, here are five tips to help you curb the habit:

1. Eat a Healthy Dinner

A nutritious, well-rounded dinner should sustain your hunger and energy until morning, leaving you with no excuse to snack. Include large portions of fibre-rich vegetables, a source of lean protein, and healthy fats in your meal to keep you full and satisfied.

2. Curb Your Hunger With PGX

PGX®* Ultra Matrix Softgels offer a convenient way to curb your nightly food cravings and experience a longer lasting feeling of fullness. Each softgel contains 750 mg of a patented natural fibre complex and is easy to take with your meal.

3. Break Your Routine

When snacking is part of your regular late-night routine, it’s time to switch things up. If you typically snack while surfing the net or reading on the couch, take your media to a different spot that’s further from your kitchen—such as your bed or a warm bath. Engage in an activity that makes snacking less convenient, such as walking your dog, sorting your closet, or a yoga session.

4. Brush Your Teeth

If the urge to graze becomes too tempting, brush and floss your teeth. Food is much less desirable with a fresh, minty mouth.

5. Keep Unhealthy Snacks Away

When all else fails, keep tempting and unhealthy snacks out of your home. Stock your kitchen with plenty of fresh-cut veggies for those nights when, despite all efforts, you find yourself at the refrigerator door.

Gain control of your snacking habits to gain control of your health—it’ll feel good!

*Drink additional water (8 fl. oz.) after ingesting PGX®. If you are taking medications, take one hour prior to or two hours after taking PGX®.

*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

References:

[1] Gallant, Annette, Jennifer Lundgren, and Vicky Drapeau. “Nutritional Aspects of Late Eating and Night Eating.” Current Obesity Reports, 3.1: 101-107. Print.

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